In a significant breakthrough India and Pakistan in a big assembly at Havana, on the sidelines of the Non-Aligned Summit, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf determined to place in place an institutional mechanism to counter terrorism. It’s a historic alternative for India and Pakistan to resolve this important situation of terrorism and crush its terrorism community after agreeing on the institution of a Anti-Terrorism Establishment Community.
On the finish of the one-on-one talks with out aides which had been described as "cordial, frank and detailed". Each the international locations agreed on this anti-terrorism institutional mechanism to establish and implement counter-terrorism initiatives and investigations, this was declared within the joint assertion learn out by Dr. Singh together with Normal Musharraf at a press press convention.
The assertion strongly condemned the Mumbai and the Maligaon bomb blasts and issued a robust assertion in opposition to Terrorism by declaring "Each the international locations strongly condemned all acts of terrorism and agreed that terrorism is a scourge that must be successfully cope with."
Such a direct and candid admission by Pakistan that Trans-border terrorism networks shouldn’t solely be recognized but in addition must be crushed with heavy hand is a direct admission by Pakistan that each one will not be properly inside its territory and the terrorism networks which operates from throughout The border in opposition to India must be crushed collectively. This can be a important improvement as for the primary time Pakistan has accepted that for resolving all the problems of concern with India it has to do way more on the world of Terrorism and to do that wants the serving to hand of India.
Additional it was additionally agreed upon for the quick resumption of the composite dialogue between the Overseas Secretaries "on the earliest". With a direct acknowledgment that the peace course of should be maintained and its success was not solely necessary for each the international locations by additionally for a shiny and affluent way forward for your entire South Asian Area.
Underneath the Press Assertion issued each the leaders reiterated their commitments and dedication to implement the Joint Statements of January 6, 2004, September 24, 2004, April 18, 2005 and September 14, 2005 which was signed between India and Pakistan then. The dedication given by the honorable President of Pakistan within the joint assertion issued of honoring the sooner joint statements of 2004 and 2005 reveals that Pakistan has accepted these to be worldwide agreements in opposition to terrorism which must be honored upon
On Jammu and Kashmir it was determined by each the international locations to proceed the "joint seek for mutually acceptable choices for a peaceable negotiated settlement of all points between India and Pakistan, together with the problem of Jammu and Kashmir, in a honest and purposeful method." Referring to the "helpful discussions" on Jammu and Kashmir, the joint assertion went on to say "there’s a have to construct on convergence and and slim down divergences." That is once more a really important and wholesome improvement as for the primary time Pakistan has accepted that Jammu and Kashmir will not be "The Concern" or "The Core Concern" however one of many essential situation which not solely wants pressing consideration but in addition must Be solved considering every others considerations and sentiments. This can be a U-turn by Pakistan from its earlier said place of Kashmir being the core situation.
In his deal with to the NAM Summit on Sept 15th 2006, Gen. Musharraf mentioned in relation to India and Pakistan's bilateral points, "A historic alternative exists that should be characterised by the management of the 2 international locations to bring to a halt the chapter of tensions and battle in our area. It’s of paramount significance that we Commit all energies to deal with the key challenges of our area by guaranteeing poverty alleviation, common training, higher well being and better requirements of dwelling for our folks. Three years of peace course of between India and Pakistan had led to confidence constructing and improved setting in bilateral relations . Pakistan is making honest efforts to advertise peace and cooperation in South Asia .. We’re decided to pursue the peace course of to resolve all excellent points with India, together with the Jammu and Kashmir dispute. " Dr. Singh additionally accepted Gen. Musharraf's renewed invitation to go to Pakistan at a time to be mounted later.
By means of the press assertion the 2 leaders directed the Overseas Secretaries on the next: The Overseas Secretaries ought to meet shortly in New Delhi to proceed the composite dialogue. To rearrange consultations for early answer of the Siachen situation. "Consultants ought to meet instantly to agree on coordinates for joint survey of Sir Creek and adjoining space, with out prejudice to one another's place on the problem". The Survey ought to keep in November 2006. "The consultants would begin discussions on the maritime boundary." "The 2 sides will facilitate implementation of agreements and understandings already reached on LoC-related CBMs, together with bus providers, crossing factors and truck service".
Direct acknowledgment by Pakistan on the coordinates of a joint survey of the Sir Creek areas considering every international locations place on the problem is important once more as for the primary time Pakistan has accepted to take note of the Indian place on the Sir Creek situation
The fastidiously shaped joint assertion that was labored out after hours of discussions among the many members of the delegation, together with the Nationwide Safety Adviser MK Narayanan and the Overseas Secretary-design Shivshankar Menon from the Indian facet. Pakistan's Secretary of the Nationwide Safety Council Tariq Aziz, Overseas Minister Kasuri and Overseas Secretary Riaz Khan was there from the Pakistani facet.
When requested by the Indian media whether or not the brand new settlement represented a breakthrough, Gen. Musharraf mentioned, "Sure, it is vitally good." He was fairly glad over the revenue. He nevertheless refused to be drawn into an in depth dialogue, mentioning that he had dedicated himself to not saying something greater than what the assertion mentioned, lest it ought to hamper the dialogue course of.
Earlier than the one to 1 assembly of the 2 leaders, each side had been accompanied by their delegations for a short interplay. The Indian delegation included Mr. Narayanan, Minister of State for Exterior Affairs Anand Sharma, Mr. Shivshankar Menon and Media Adviser to the Prime Minister Sanjaya Baru. The Pakistani facet included Mr. Kasuri, Mr. Riaz Khan, and Minister of State Sumaira Malik.
Indian officers later expressed satisfaction over the end result of the assembly, noting that "All the key points, together with the formulation on terrorism had been being negotiated to deliver the final. The reference to terrorism and the structure of a joint mechanism to counter it was in tune With the Prime Minister's stand that he can carry Indian public opinion with him provided that there have been respectable assurances on terrorism. " On the identical time, the resumption of the Overseas Secretary-level dialogue, addressing the problems of Jammu and Kashmir, Siachen and Sir Creek glad the Pakistani facet.
Earlier President of Pakistan Normal Musharraf referred to as upon NAM Members to deal with simply and equitable options to worldwide conflicts and disputes by establishing a mechanism for the aim. He urged NAM to advertise a complete technique to fight terrorism. "NAM ought to promulgate a complete technique to fight and eradicate terrorism in all its varieties and manifestations. It ought to require a two-pronged strategy: first combating terrorist sanctuaries, together with by lively worldwide cooperation , [And] secondly addressing the underlined explanation for terrorism and extremism, which incorporates political disputes and conflicts, financial and social injustices ".
In his deal with to the NAM Summit Dr Singh mentioned: "If NAM is to be related in as we speak's circumstances, it cannot afford to equivocate with regards to terrorism. A message should emanate from us that we’re united in our want to struggle and eradicate the scourge of terrorism, '' he additional mentioned: 'The forces of intolerance and extremism couldn’t be allowed to distract the world's consideration from the very important considerations corresponding to Poverty, ignorance and illness ".
What has been essentially the most important exit of the NAM Summit has been the sidelines assembly between India and Pakistan simply after the serial bomb blasts and terrorism assaults in varied components of India by which many harmless lives had been misplaced. This had vitiated the Indo-Pak ambiance and it was essential to hold ahead the Peace dialog course of forward on the earliest. Nothing was extra higher then the numerous conferences between the 2 heads of states and for the primary time Pakistan has taken important and daring stand on the assorted points which might be termed as watershed in Indo-Pak diplomacy. India on her half has additionally proven flexibility on the assorted points together with Kashmir. If issues go forward in the suitable course any further it may be a turning level in Indo-Pak historical past. One can hope for a brand new daybreak in South Asia. A. daybreak of peace and prosperity for the entire area.
Dr SUVROKAMAL DUTTA
(The Author is a renounced Overseas Affairs and Financial Knowledgeable)